In the late antiquity, the Greek philosopher Aristote spoke about a vine species called "mad vine"; strange for him because it was carrying at the same time ripe and green fruits and flowers. The Latin naturalist, Pline, mentioned a wild vine called nassari GUI which thrived in the ancient Mauritania and which was used for medical purposes.
Strabon, Ptolémée and others considered the current Cape Spartel as the headland of the vine. The 2nd century Greek traveller Pausanias also announced the presence of the vine in Mauritania and added that the inhabitants of the Atlas used to eat the fruit of this plant.
But it seems that the merit of the diffusion of the vine growing in the Maghreb returns to the Phoenicians. "They had to import Eastern varieties, to graft the wild stocks… "
The vine seemed to have found favourable grounds in the close surroundings of Carthage, in Mégara, garden of Amilcar, in the Cap Bon, in Byzacène and around the cities established along the coasts like Lixus and Sala whose currencies continued to carry the bunch of grapes even after the fall of Carthage.