Tempranillo is a black grape variety widely grown to make full-bodied red wines. It is the main grape used in Rioja. Its name is the diminutive of the Spanish temprano ("early"), a reference to the fact that it ripens several weeks earlier than most Spanish red grapes. In the last 100 years it has been planted in South America, USA, South Africa, Australia, and Canada. The wines are ruby red in colour, with aromas and flavors of berries, plum, tobacco, vanilla, leather and herb.