Mourvèdre is a cultivated wine variety originated in Spain, where it is also called mataro or monastrell. Prior to the late Nineteenth Century phyloxera devastation, Mourvèdre was also widely planted in Southern France.
Mourvèdre is a very late variety in both bud break and ripening season. It craves heat and survives in locations too windy for other varieties, but is drought-sensitive.
Mourvèdre develops tight bunches of grapes that need good ventilation to avoid rot. It seems to do best in windy climates like Southern France, in parts of Spain and Algeria, and in Australia, where it is known as mataro.
Winemakers use Mourvèdre frequently in blends to boost color and tannin, but often bemoan its absence of distinct flavors. Unblended Mourvèdre wines tend to be deep-colored, quite tannic, somewhat alcoholic, and have generally "spicy" and sometimes, "gamey" aromas in their youth.